Art Standards Grades K-2 

1 - Design Elements:

Use elements of design (line, shape, form, texture, value, and color) to develop skills in the creation of visual composition and improve visual perception.

Concepts and Applications:

Students create original works of art using a variety of 2 and/or 3 dimensional media that...

1.1 Line: illustrate different kinds and qualities of line.

1.2 Shape and Form: use organic and geometric shapes and form to create patterns.

1.3 Space: demonstrate an understanding of space in a picture plan.

1.4 Value: illustrate the use of value for mood and effect.

1.5 Texture: use a variety of textures.

1.6 Color: Students shall identify, use and /or mix primary, secondary, warm/cool colors to

create mood or express feelings in an original work of art.

Guiding Questions

  • How many different kinds of lines can you make?
  • What are the primary colors?
  • Can you make the secondary colors?
  • Can you find different kinds of textures around you?


  • straight
  • curvy
  • zig zag
  • dotted
  • circle
  • square
  • oval
  • diamond
  • triangle
  • rectangle
  • close
  • far
  • small
  • medium
  • large
  • overlapping
  • bumpy
  • smooth
  • rough
  • primary
  • secondary
  • warm
  • cool

2 - Principles of Design:

Understand and use the principles of design (movement, pattern/repetition, balance, contrast, emphasis and unity) to create visually pleasing compositions and improve skills in visual perceptition.

Concepts and Applications:

Students create original works of art using a variety of 2 and/or 3 dimensional media that...

2.1 Movement: demonstrate the use of movement.

2.2 Pattern/Repetition: incorporate single 1-2 patterns.

2.3 Balance: incorporate symmetrical designs.

2.4 Contrast: use the elements of design to demonstrate contrast.

2.5 Emphasis: have a center of interest which the student can identify.

2.6 Unity: demonstrate the understanding of unity by overlapping and connecting forms and distribution of color. Use a given theme to visually communicate their thoughts or feelings.

Guiding Questions

  • What is a pattern?
  • Can you find a pattern somewhere around you/
  • Can you pick out the most important part of your picture?


  • symmetrical
  • repeating
  • alternating

  • dark
  • light
  • solid
  • patterned
  • focal point
  • center of interest

3 - Applications:

Undertand and apply media, techinques, and processes.

Concepts and Applications:

Students can...

3.1 Safety: use tools and art materials in a safe and responsible manner.

3.2 Awareness: demonstrate an awareness of potentially hazardous materials.

3.3 Processes: identify and apply processes (steps of production) and techniques (specialized use of tools and materials) used to produce works of art.

3.4 Use: use different media, techniques and processes to communicate ideas, experiences, stories and feelings.

Guiding QuestionsVocabulary
  • Why is safety in an art room important?
  • What's the correct way to carry and hold a scissors?
  • How is painting different from a drawing?
  • What material was used to create this art work?
  • collage
  • printmaking
  • painting
  • drawing
  • 2 and or 3 dimensional
  • weaving

4 - Analysis /Subject Matter

Choose and evaluate a range of subject mater, symbols, and ideas.

Concepts and Applications:

Students can understand and discuss...

4.1 The elements and principles of design as they relate to their work and that of others.

4.2 How mood, movement symbolism and personal appeal in works of art are created through the use of the elements and principles of art.

4.3 How their selected subject matter communicates their thoughts and feelings.

Guiding QuestionsVocabulary
  • Can you choose a feeling and show it in a picture?
  • Can you tell me why you like this picture?




5 - Analysis & Evaluation

Reflect upon and assessing the characteristics and merits of their work and the work of others.

Concepts and Applications:

Students can...

5.1 Demonstrate an understanding that there are various purposes for creating works of art.

5.2 Describe how people's experience influence the development of specific artworks.

5.3 Show an understanding that there are different responses to specific artworks.

Guiding QuestionsVocabulary
  • What is the best part about your picture?
  • Is there something in your picture you would change?
  • Why do people make art?
  • What is art?
  • Is it important that everyone likes your picture?




6- Historical & Cultural

Understand the visual arts in relation to cultures past and present.

Concepts and Applications:


6.1 Know that the visual arts have both a history and specific relationships to various cultures.

6.2 Can identify specific works of art as belonging to particular cultures, times, places.

6.3 Demonstrate a knowledge of how history, culture and the visual arts can influence each other in making and studying works of art.

Guiding Questions
  • Have artists always made pictures in the same way?




7 - Integration

Making connections between visual arts and other disciplines.

Concepts and Applications:


7.1 Understand and use similarities and differences between characteristics of the visual arts and other disciplines.

7.2 Can identify connections between the visual arts and other disciplines in the curriculum.

Guiding Questions
  • How does art fit into everything we do at school?